During America’s first 150 years, most of the settlers came from Great Britain. … that became what are commonly called the “Original Thirteen Colonies of northern and central parts of North America.
The British empire, settled in America first in 1606,
European nations came to the Americas to increase their wealth and broaden their influence over world affairs.
Coming to a strange land and trying to make a new startwas difficult for the colonists.
The Pilgrims at Plymouth colony survived the first
difficult year with help from the local native American population.
The natives taught the settlers how to plant and care for indigenous
crops such as corn. In the fall 1621,
the Pilgrims and the local native Americans
celebrated a good harvest and observed the first Thanksgiving.
The Pilgrims gave thanks for new opportunities and new freedoms.
And in time the colonies grow with more new settlers and there were no homes for many of them.
Many of the new settlers sought protection from the elements,
in caves that native Americans shared with them or abandoned by native Americans
or made huts, made of branches and sod to survive.
As well as surviving they also brought with them different customs, religious beliefs,and dialects.
And one of these reasons why the English settlers came to the colonies was the
chance to own land and have a new life.
New economic opportunities open up because of the vast expanse
of land available for farming. In the Northern colonies, the abundance of natural resources
permitted the development of trades such as ship building and iron mining.
Fur trading and fishing also played significant role in the colonial economy.
And some of the settlers looked beyond the Appalachian Mountains,
which was owned by the French, In the mid- 1700’s.
England and France, fought over the land in the northern
and central parts of North America.
The Seven Years’ War, a global conflict known in America as the French and Indian War, ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris by France, Great Britain, and Spain.
England winning the war in 1763, and the treaty of Paris gave’s England
total control over the land from the East coast of North America,
The treaty ensured the colonial and maritime supremacy of Britain and strengthened the 13 American colonies by removing their European rivals to the north and the south.
A council or governor appointed by the king of England King George III
governed each of the 13 colonies,which are
Virginia,Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia,Connecticut,Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina,New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina,and Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
In 1754,they began collaborating at the Albany Congress and demand their rights and set up a Continental Congress and with Great Britain with a outbreak of a Revolutionary War in 1775, that eventually lead up to declaring the independence from the Revolutionary War and formed the United States of America in 1776.
ere is a map of when the colonies were born after the British empire, settled in
North America in 1606,
ORIGINAL 13 COLONIES – STATE FLAG’S and small facts
about the states flags
. Below the diamond are the words “December 7, 1787,” indicating the day on which Delaware was the first state to ratify the United States constitution
Pennsylvania State Flag The first state flag bearing the state coat of arms was authorized by the general assembly in 1799. An act of the general assembly of June 13, 1907, standardized the flag and required that the blue field match the blue of “Old
The State flag of New Jersey is buff colored. The state coat of arms is emblazoned in the center. The shield has three plows with a horse’s head above it. Two women represent the goddesses of Liberty and Agriculture. A ribbon at the bottom includes t
The Georgia flag has three red and white stripes and the state coat of arms on a blue field in the upper left corner. Thirteen stars surrounding the seal denotes Georgia’s position as one of the original thirteen colonies. On the seal three pillars s
On a field of azure blue is an ornamental white shield with three grapevines, each bearing three bunches of purple grapes. The states motto “He who Transplanted Sustains Us” is displayed on a white ribbon. The vines stand for the first settlements of
On a white field is a blue shield emblazoned with the image of a Native American, Massachuset. He holds a bow in one hand and an arrow in the other. The arrow is pointing downward representing peace. The white star represents Massachusetts as one of
Maryland was founded as an English colony in 1634 by Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore. The black and Gold designs belong to the Calvert family. The red and white design belongs to the Crossland family.
fall of 1775 to design a flag for the use of South Carolina troops, Col. William Moultrie chose a blue which matched the color of their uniforms and a crescent which reproduced the silver emblem worn on the front of their caps. The palmetto tree was
The state flag shall be of the following color and design: The body or field shall be blue and shall bear upon its center in suitable proportion and colors a representation of the state seal. The seal shall be surrounded by a wreath of laurel leaves
A deep blue field contains the seal of Virginia with the Latin motto ” Sic Semper Tyrannis” – “Thus Always to Tyrants”. Adopted in 1776. The two figures are acting out the meaning of the motto. Both are dressed as warriors. The woman, Virtue, represe
New York state Flag Emblazoned on a dark blue field is the state coat of arms. The goddess Liberty holds a pole with a Liberty Cap on top. Liberty stands for freedom. At her feet is a discarded crown, representing freedom from England at the end of t
That the flag of North Carolina shall consist of a blue union, containing in the center thereof a white star with the letter N in gilt on the left and the letter C in gilt on the right of said star, the circle containing the same to be one-third
Rhode Island State Flag Placed on a white field is a circle of thirteen gold stars representing the first thirteen states. The stars surround a gold ship’s anchor. The states motto ” Hope” is on a blue ribbon below the anchor.